As soon as it gets a bit cooler, we switch from crest to sole on winter mode. Not only should the wardrobe be kept in view, but also your own four walls. A house can not be easily protected with a jacket from drafts and snow.
Here it is necessary to take precautions from the cellar to the roof, to keep it comfortably warm, to avoid damage and possibly even claims for damages. Here are our tips on how to make the house completely winterized.
Many measures that can be taken and should be heeded, have long since taken the character of a matter of course. Because most of the work that will be done in the fall, also serve to preserve the value and prevent possible damage. In short, making the house winter-proof protects your wallet in the long run. This starts with the energy costs and extends to costly and expensive repairs that you save.
With our guide, we work our way from top to bottom and then into the exterior of the house. Some of the work can easily be done by yourself, even without specialist knowledge or a great deal of time. For others it is advisable to get the help of experts. Although that costs one or the other Euro, but you’re on the safe side.
This applies, for example, to work on the roof. The upper area of the house is particularly exposed to the weather. Sun, rain, hail and storms set the bricks all year round. Since individual elements can sometimes carry damage or loosen up. That should be checked every autumn.
On the one hand, because water can penetrate due to loose bricks and damage the insulation as well as the general structure of the building. On the other hand, to prevent bricks falling onto the sidewalk and, in the worst case, hurting a passerby. In these cases, the homeowner is liable.
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The gutters are closely linked to the roof. You should spend a few hours at the latest when the last leaves have fallen from the trees. The gutters must be freed from leaves and other debris. Also, the downpipes should be clean (in the sense of not clogged), so that the water can run off quickly without jamming.
If the dirt stays in the gutters, the water looks for another way. Most of the time it runs along the façade, causing ugly marks or far-reaching damage. In addition, the pipes can burst if the water does not run into the sewer system. Or the weight of leaves, water or ice and snow tear the gutters out of the anchorage. That would be a typical case of small cause and big effect.
If you do not care about your house, you throw money out of the window in the truest sense of the word. This applies all the more with regard to the heating costs. When windows and doors are not tight, a lot of heat is lost. Often it’s just little things that can help you quickly and easily. For this purpose, all windows and doors should be checked before the onset of winter.
For windows, an incense stick or a candle suffices. As soon as it is a bit windier, you simply test whether the candle flickers or the smoke is blown away by the draft. If that is the case, something is wrong. Often, the rubber seals have their best days behind them or the window has to be readjusted. Work that a professional can do in a few minutes and save a lot of money with little effort.
The situation is similar with the exterior doors. They are constantly exposed to the weather and can sometimes become cluttered or difficult to close. Sometimes helps a little graphite powder, which comes up with a very good lubricating effect and also not gummy.
If this does not solve the problem, talk to an expert. The sealing lips may be porous or the hinge warped. One should not take this lightly. After all, doors are primarily for safety.
The most important element in keeping you warm in winter is and remains the heating system. To make you wait every year is not a luxury. This is also pointed out by the Agency: “The regular maintenance of the heating by a specialist increases the lifetime of the system and lowers the energy costs.” (3)
In this connection, the radiators can also be checked immediately. This is primarily about whether air has accumulated. Then the radiators must be vented. Without this measure, the radiators can not develop their full power and radiate the maximum temperature. Or in other words: the heating bollert, without the energy arrives in the rooms.
Now we come to the outdoor area. Light plays a crucial role here. Autumn and winter are not without reason the surname “dark seasons”. This can be counteracted with sufficient lighting. You need to check the energy-saving or LED bulbs, the sockets and whether the housings are still weather-resistant.
All the way to the house, the house number and the front door as well as the paths that are left more often should be illuminated, for example to the garbage cans. The stairs and the garage should not be left in the dark. The effort is minimal, but offers the highest impact.
Since water and cold form a rather unholy alliance with regard to the building fabric, you have to be active outdoors in particular. Because: “The most important principle: To prevent building damage, no moisture must penetrate the house.” (4) This includes several measures.
If the façade has been cracked during the year, it is advisable to take care of it at the latest in the fall. Because moisture penetrates into the cracks, bursting at minus degrees larger pieces. Problems sometimes also bring about facades greening. They proliferate partly into the gutters. Therefore, the plants must be trimmed in time.
Also, ways in which individual plates are loose or have formed holes require careful care. Otherwise, trip hazards form. It is also important to cleanse vermooste sites and generally to ensure that the ways are free. Otherwise it can even be expensive if someone falls on their nose or breaks their bones. Therefore, experts advise to provide enough grit soon enough.
For homeowners it comes with a bit of work to make the house winter proof. But it pays to invest the time and the money. The home stays well in good condition for a long time, prevents unnecessary damage and does not have to be annoyed by drafts or defective heating in winter.
The easiest way is to create a checklist and process it point by point. Here is a tip: For regular work such as the maintenance of the heating or the cleaning of roof and gutter you can give standing orders to the artisans of trust.